The pain of childbirth is completely undeniable, to those who have gone through it, and even those who have not. Therefore, there has been a massive push to try and mitigate the pain of childbirth, possibly avoiding the pain entirely.
A New York hospital is experimenting with the idea of pain management using virtual reality (VR). Dr. Ralph Anderson, an OBGYN at Orange Regional Medical Center, oversaw what is believed to be the first childbirth that employed VR as a coping method for labor pains.
The patient, Erin Martucci, was equipped with a Samsung Gear VR pre-programed with a scene that included a guided meditation experience. Instead of enduring increasingly painful labor contractions in her hospital room, she was transported to a relaxing beach vista, where she could hear soothing music, a crackling fire, a crashing waterfall, and the chirping of birds. Occasionally, a voice would coach her to focus on particular elements of the experience, as well as her breathing. It wasn’t long before she was told she was ready to push.
“I was like, ‘Wait, what are you doing?’. I thought I needed the goggles to push!,” said Martucci in an interview with The Guardian.
Martucci was blocking out much of her pain by concentrating on the virtual reality she was immersed in. She didn’t notice that it had almost been two hours since she first put the VR headgear.
“In a typical delivery room all the mother has to focus on is the pain,” said Anderson. “With the VR though, we were able to put the patient into an experience where she was constantly being distracted and coached by the technology and it ended up being a very successful experience for everyone involved.”
Most women opt for an epidural during childbirth, a form of anesthesia that can help block out the pain from labor. It is introduced in the spinal cavity called the dura, though which pain impulses pass. The drug inhibits the passage of those signals, but still allows the body control over its motor function for birth. As with any drug treatment, however, it comes with some side effects, like temporary hypotension (low blood pressure), slow heart rate, and backaches. Some complications could also arise from the procedure, one of which involves the dura being accidentally punctured while administering the drug.
Using VR to distract from the pain is completely drug-free, and research has proven how effective it is. Experts from the Childrens Hospital Los Angeles General Clinical Research Center have found that the expiriance “reduces levels of pain, general distress/unpleasantness and report a desire to use VR again during painful medical procedures.”
Though some argue that too much distraction would be detrimental to the birthing process, this development not only provides another drug-free option for women in delivery, but also continues to prove how much potential virtual reality holds — far exceeding its past status of being “just a gaming device.”